The Moscato

The " Moscato" grapes are a group of varieties particularly numerous, among the most well known, about which there are traces and quotations already in ancient documents

Their homeland is , probably , Greece, already famous in ancient times for the production of sweet and aromatic wines. The Greeks exported this wine variety in their Mediterranean colonies , including southern Italy and Magna Graecia; from here it spread in the center of the Etruscan and Roman Italy  and then, thanks the the Greek port of Marseille, Moscato , namely the Muscat Blanc, spread to the west, towards the south of France and to the east, towards Liguria and Piedmont. The "Moscato Bianco" is surely the best known and the most widespread variety of Muscat not only in Italy but also in the rest of all the Mediterranean basin.

Some recent studies suggest that Moscato might have been even the ancestor of all grape, perhaps the first grape to be grown . However,it is certain that over the centuries there has been a considerable number of crosses and differences among the varieties. In this way new genetic lines originated , giving rise to new varieties:
The white muscat, grape variety from which originates from the Moscato d'Asti , in Piedmont it is the most common and the fourth white grape vineyard grownin Italy ; it and has medium , pentagonal , three-lobed or five-lobed leaf; medium , cylindrical- pyramidal winged cluster, from compact to semi- loose; the berries can be medium or medium-large, spherical or slightly flattened, with thin , pale greenish-yellow skin, tending to golden if the grapes are well exposed to the sun;
the pulp has the typical sweet and aromatic taste. It is best grown in marly -limestone soils, not too clay nor wet , in a dry and breezy climate . It has a good and steady production and tolerates summer drought . The farming systems need to be not too much expanded and with rich pruning . It 's very sensitive to powdery mildew , downy mildew and other diseases, as also botrytis and sour rot, but it fairly tolerates cold. His richness in sugars in the mature stages causes the attacks of insects and wasps.

It ripens in the second half of August, and it is harvested between the last week
of August and mid- September.